Early, or “proto-” Isaiah texts may have been written close to the time when the man himself really lived, around the eighth century B.C., about the time when the Greeks were first writing down Homer’s stories. The Psalms were written by King David, Moses, Solomon, the sons of Korah, the sons of Asaph and Ethan the Ezrahite. Nicholas Heath – The committee's membership included both traditionalists and reformers, but the former held the majority. Since 1865 Church of England clergy have had to declare only that the doctrine in the articles is “agreeable to the Word of God.” In the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, where the articles were revised in 1801 to remove references to royal supremacy, neither clergy nor laity is required formally to subscribe to them. William Skip – However, after Mary's death, they became the basis of the Thirty-nine Articles. [31] On 16 May, the Duke of Norfolk noted that the committee had not agreed on anything and proposed that the Lords examine six controversial doctrinal questions that became the basis of the Six Articles: Over the next month, these questions were argued in Parliament and Convocation with the active participation of the King. However, the doctrine of purgatory is biblically uncertain. [43] The King's Book also endorsed traditional views of the mass, transubstantiation, confession, and Church ceremonies. Richard Smyth – William Downes – In 1628 Charles I prefixed a royal declaration to the articles, which demands a literal interpretation of them, threatening discipline for academics or churchmen teaching any personal interpretations or encouraging debate about them. Question: "Who wrote the Bible?" In addition, although the real presence was affirmed in traditional terminology, the word transubstantiation itself did not appear in the final version. [27] As the King was unwilling to break with these practices, the Germans had all left England by 1 October.[29]. John Clerk – The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion (commonly abbreviated as the Thirty-nine Articles or the XXXIX Articles) are the historically defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation. And in unity of this Godhead there are three Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The only doctrinal documents agreed upon in the Anglican Communion are the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed of AD 325, and the Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral. Psalms was written by David. Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for salvation is the idea that the Bible is all one needs for … These articles concern clerical celibacy, excommunication, traditions of the Church, and other issues not covered elsewhere. Hugh Latimer – Articles IX–XVIII: The Protestant and Reformed Articles: The articles on the sacraments reflect a Calvinist tone, while other parts intimate Lutheran or Catholic positions. [14] The Bishops' Book preserved the semi-Lutheranism of the Ten Articles, and the articles on justification, purgatory, and the sacraments of baptism, the Eucharist and penance were incorporated unchanged into the new book. This had already been suggested by 12th century Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra, who pointed out that the prophesies in chapters 40 to 66, and in chapters 34 and 35, were written in a language very different from the rest of the book, and make no mention of Isaiah in them. [24] Because the Bishops' Book was never authorised by the Crown or Convocation, the Ten Articles remained the official doctrinal standard of the Church of England. [42] It also stated that each person had free will to be "a worker ... in the attaining of his own justification". Prayer for the dead and masses for the dead were permitted as possibly relieving the pain of departed souls in purgatory. The articles were established by a Convocation of the Church in 1563, using as a basis the 42 Articles written under the direction of Thomas Cranmer in 1553. [6], To the disappointment of conservatives, only three of the traditional seven sacraments were even mentioned (baptism, the Eucharist and penance). [21], The list of the 46 divines as they appear in the Bishop's Book included all of the bishops, eight archdeacons and 17 other Doctors of Divinity, some of whom were later involved with translating the Bible and compiling the Book of Common Prayer:[22], Thomas Cranmer – The first attempt was the Ten Articles in 1536, which showed some slightly Protestant leanings – the result of an English desire for a political alliance with the German Lutheran princes. People were encouraged to "abstain from the name of purgatory, and no more dispute or reason thereof". 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