The palace that Maya built consisted of columns of gold, and occupied, an area of five thousand cubits. The relationship with you has brought more joy to us than winning over a kingdom; the Kauravas deem themselves fortunate on this count. The city of Indraprastha is a glorious presence in legends, folklore and epics. When Samba became old enough, Krisha sent him to Indraprastha to live with the Pandavas. [3] According to the scheme, Draupadī would spend a year with each husband; also, when she was spending time with one of her husbands, if any husband should cast a glance at her, he would be exiled for twelve years [vowing to be a celibate during that period]. Mahābhārata – Episode 111 - Śakuntalopākhyānam - P... Mahābhārata – Episode 110 - Śakuntalopākhyānam - P... Mahābhārata – Episode 109 – The Ascent to Svarga, Mahābhārata – Episode 108 – The Final Journey, Invoking Sita Devi's Name is Catharsis of the Heart, Shurpanakha and Maricha: The Germination of Ravana's Enmity, Aranyakanda: The Hub of the Wheel of Srimad Ramayana, Two Seminal Essays of DVG on the Downfall of the Congress, DVG's Critique of the Congress High Command and Nehru's Five-year Plans. Your decision is ours; whatever is your affectionate command, we follow it.” Once Śrīkṛṣṇa gave his assent, Drupada immediately made preparations for their departure. Dhṛtarāṣṭra said, “Kaunteya, you and your brothers listen to my words carefully: If you stay here, there will be a fight among brothers; let that not happen. However, Arjuna built a barrier of arrows in the sky, which made sure that not even a single drop of this water could reach … Arjuna was in charge of all construction works. Mahabharata. Arjun is a writer, translator, engineer, and enjoys composing poems. He owns the web-portal AncientVoice. Dhṛtarāṣṭra, his children, his ministers, and his friends have, out of great affection, sent their best wishes; they repeatedly told me to enquire about your welfare. As a master of śāstra, a performing artiste (of the ancient art of Avadhānam), and a cultured... इदं किञ्चिद्यामलं काव्यं द्वयोः खण्डकाव्ययोः सङ्कलनरूपम्। रामानुरागानलं हि सीतापरित्यागाल्लक्ष्मणवियोगाच्च श्रीरामेणानुभूतं हृदयसङ्क्षोभं वर्णयति । वात्सल्यगोपालकं तु कदाचिद्भानूपरागसमये घटितं यशोदाश्रीकृष्णयोर्मेलनं वर्णयति ।... इदं खण्डकाव्यमान्तं मालिनीछन्दसोपनिबद्धं विलसति। मेनकाविश्वामित्रयोः समागमः, तत्फलतया शकुन्तलाया जननम्, मातापितृभ्यां त्यक्तस्य शिशोः कण्वमहर्षिणा परिपालनं चेति काव्यस्यास्येतिवृत्तसङ्क्षेपः।, इयं रचना दशसु रूपकेष्वन्यतमस्य भाणस्य निदर्शनतामुपैति। एकाङ्करूपकेऽस्मिन् शेखरकनामा चित्रोद्यमलेखकः केनापि हेतुना वियोगम् अनुभवतोश्चित्रलेखामिलिन्दकयोः समागमं सिसाधयिषुः कथामाकाशभाषणरूपेण निर्वहति।, अस्मिन् स्तोत्रकाव्ये भगवन्तं शिवं कविरभिष्टौति। वसन्ततिलकयोपनिबद्धस्य काव्यस्यास्य कविकृतम् उल्लाघनाभिधं व्याख्यानं च वर्तते।. Silk drapes and curtains hung all over the place, the walls were lathered with … Duryodhana, Karṇa, and Śakuni are immature; they are malicious and evil-minded; don’t listen to their words; I’ve told you this earlier; all the citizens of your kingdom will be destroyed because of Duryodhana’s mistake.” Dhṛtarāṣṭra said, “What you say is true, Vidura! Yudhiṣṭhira said, “Your entering the place where both of us were together has not caused any ill feelings in my heart; there is no fault if younger people come to the place of older people; elders should not come to the place of youngsters; that’s it. [3] Translators’ Note: The story of the asura brothers Sunda and Upasunda is narrated by the great seer Nārada during his visit to Indraprastha. Life’s situations are like Indraprastha – … Was ancient Indraprastha located here? The Purana Quila has many secrets hidden in it, among them the Talaqi Darwaza and the Kunti Devi temple. King Yajñasena! You have not violated dharma; you don’t have to go to the forest.” Arjuna said, “Brother, you have yourself said that one should not take the support of lame excuses and clever workarounds to avoid adhering to dharma! Keep this in mind and send the Pāṇḍavas along with me. [1] You don’t have any close friends who are more intelligent than them; they are old and wise; they see you and the Pāṇḍavas with the same eyes; they are firm adherents on the path of dharma and men of high integrity; they have never wished for dishonour to you nor have they undertaken any act that has harmed you; they are free from malice; they are not people who will sell their impartiality out of greed for money; their opinions are not for sale; Dear king! The Pandavas built their capital, Indraprastha, in this area. I have created the painting below (picture 1) based on these events. An Insight, Hercules and Balarama: The Symbolic and Historical Connections, How Vilification of Festivals is 1st Step towards Eradication of a Culture, How Aryan Invasion Theory Used as Socio Political Tool for Religious Conversion. ಮುಖ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಶೈವದರ್ಶನ ಮತ್ತು ಸೌಂದರ್ಯಮೀಮಾಂಸೆಗಳ ಪರಮಾಚಾರ್ಯನಾಗಿ  ಸಾವಿರ ವರ್ಷಗಳಿಂದ ಇವನು ಜ್ಞಾನಪ್ರಪಂಚವನ್ನು ಪ್ರಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತಲೇ ಇದ್ದಾನೆ. On the orders of Krishna, Maya Danav built the Indraprastha. ಮುಖ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಶೈವದರ್ಶನ ಮತ್ತು ಸೌಂದರ್ಯಮೀಮಾಂಸೆಗಳ ಪರಮಾಚಾರ್ಯನಾಗಿ  ಸಾವಿರ ವರ್ಷಗಳಿಂದ ಇವನು ಜ್ಞಾನಪ್ರಪಂಚವನ್ನು ಪ್ರಭಾವಿಸುತ್ತಲೇ ಇದ್ದಾನೆ. The interior of Maya Sabha (picture 2) with the five Pandavas with Yudhisthira seated as the emperor of Bharatavarsha, the Yadavas with Krishna, Balarama and king Ugrasena, Vyasa and other sages and the invited kings from all Bharatavarsha kingdoms including Kuru, Panchala, Kashi, Kosala, Videha, Malla, Magadha, Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Lohiti,  Dasarna, Chedi, Karusha, Dravida, Chola, Pandya, Kerala, Vidarbha, Hehaya, Avanti, Kunti, Anarta, Salva, Matsya, Trigarta, Madra, Kekaya, Gandhara, Sindhu, Sauvira, Shivi, Ambasta, Kamboja, Rshika, Loha and China all present there. [2] Translators’ Note: The fact that Yudhiṣṭhira and Drupada took Kṛṣṇa’s consent shows the respect they all had for him. According to the narrative, a city called Indraprastha (“City of the God Indra”), built about 1400 bce, was the capital of the Pandavas. ‘It doesn’t matter even if I have to suffer for twelve years in the forest but I have to protect dharma’ – with this thought, he entered Dharmarāja’s house, explained the situation, and brought out his weapons. The American US nation, despite its origins tracing back to only a few centuries, projects its founding fathers in great detail. What can be achieved through the path of reconciliation, who indeed would want to achieve that through the path of warfare, O king? Drupada is a powerful king; he is our enemy; using this as an excuse, we can make him an ally and strengthen our forces. Indraprastha was the town founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata fame as their capital. Krishna and Arjuna Founder of Indraprastha – Delhi; A Historical Analysis. Stories Behind Verses is a remarkable collection of over a hundred anecdotes, each of which captures a story behind the composition of a... Prof. A R Krishna Sastri was a journalist, scholar, polyglot, and a pioneer of the modern Kannada renaissance, who founded the literary journal Prabuddha Karnāṭaka. Participate in this quiz and check your knowledge. A proud civilization should showcase its culture in the most magnificent way, highlighting the ancient founders of its cities by building statues and symbols showcasing its ancientness. The mother of the Pandavas, viz Prtha (famous as Kunti since she was the princess of the Kunti Rashtra) had a brother Vasudeva. During those times, Khāṇḍavaprastha was a dangerous forest; there, the Pāṇḍavas built a beautiful city called Indraprastha. On the other hand, the brāhmaṇa was continuously wailing. He offered the cows to him and returned home. After a while, Bhīṣma and Dhṛtarāṣṭra called for them. It is our puṇya that Purocana died while the Pāṇḍavas and Kuntī escaped and made Drupada as an ally; our might has increased; our sorrows have ceased!”. Some Nagas were living in Khandava on top of an elevated southern hill, the northern end of the Aravali hills (known in Mahabharata as the Arbuda Parvata). This story is told in the Mahabharata, Sabha Parva. In fact, till the end of the 19th century, there was a village called Indarpat inside the fort walls. This is a civilizational milestone we need to achieve, like the start of the reconstruction of the destroyed Ayodhya Ram Mandir. [2] The Pāṇḍavas, Kṛṣṇa, Vidura, Kuntī, and Kṛṣṇā travelled together to Hastinagara and reached safely; Vikarṇa, Maheśvāsa, Citrasena, and other Kauravas as well as elders such as Droṇa and Kṛpa welcomed them at the entrance of the city and escorted them inside. This conference passed a resolution to rename Delhi as Indraprastha. Maya Sabha structure had a highly reflective floor that resembled water surface made of crystals from the Himalayan mines. According to Mahabharata, Indraprastha was the capital of the kingdom led by the Pandava.The Demon Maya, built the city and the palace of Indraprastha for the Pandavas.The area for the palace was created by clearing the forests of Khandava by Arjuna and Lord Krishna.Pandavas also built other cities like Swarnaprastha (modern-day Sonipat) and Panaprastha (Panipat) in their province. It was in this Sabha that Krishna killed Shishupala and where Duryodhana got confused between water and the shiny reflective floor and felt humiliated, leading to the … Duryodhana tried to kill them in the Lakshagriha by setting it to fire at Varanavati (Barnava), but they escaped due to the intelligence of the wise Vidura. All buildings of Indraprastha were painted white. Krishna and Arjuna cleared the Khandava forest to the south of Indraprastha which was inhabited by the Nagas like Takshaka who also worked as the spies of Duryodhana. It had a fortress that touched the sky and a … In this capacity he has presented many papers in various international conferences. It has also inspired other later date literary explorations and expressions. Vishwakarma, also called Maya also built the royal palace. When he mentioned this fact to Krishna, Krishna commanded Vishwakarma, the architect of the Deva s to build a great city at this place. After exchanging pleasantries with the king, Vidura met the Pāṇḍavas and Vāsudeva; at once, he embraced them with great affection and asked them about their welfare. Mahabharata: Great and glorious is the land of Bharata. Mythology, like any fictional construct, can easily be grounded in perfectly real geographic locations. Dhritarashtra was happy and he got a house built in the mountainous Indraprastha that was on the outskirts of Hastinapura. literally Sanctuary of the Faith, built by Humayun, and Shergarh, built by Sher Shah Suri, both in the area near the speculated site of the legendary Indraprastha (1538–1545). Knowing well that there would arise no situation when they would fight among themselves, they considered themselves as good as immortal; thus, they began terrorizing the earth. 5. Can even the devas conquer Bhīma, who is endowed with the strength of ten thousand elephants? More importantly, is this citadel, said to be built during Sher Shah Suri’s rule, really the famed Indraprastha, the abode of Pandavas mentioned in the Mahabharata? That's a flawed argument. The Pandavas had established this city after destroying Khandav Van (Forest). I request you, your ministers, and your sons to listen to my words. The Kauravas had thought up a new plan to get rid of the Pandavas. His Vacana-bhārata and Kathāmṛta are classics of Kannada literature while his Saṃskṛta-nāṭaka and Bankimacandra are of unrivalled scholarship. Combining this expertise with software technology he is engaged in creating Virtual Avataras of Itihāsa personalities in Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality and Artificial Intelligence. Arjuna was in a dhārmic dilemma. Thus Indraprastha turned a cosmopolitan capital city at such ancient period, under the rule of the Pandavas! This is justified because Mahabharata with its Rajasuya narrative shows the position of this city founded by Krishna and Arjuna, as the capital of Bharatavarsha with Yudhisthira as the emperor. Pandu died in the forest. A major key to the understanding of a society’s unique character is an appreciation of the far-reaching contributions by outstanding personalities of certain periods – especially in the realms of... Prekṣaṇīyam is an anthology of essays on Indian classical dance and theatre authored by multifaceted scholar and creative genius, Śatāvadhāni Dr. R Ganesh. Knowing that the Pandavas were given a waste land as their kingdom, Krishna thought about how he built Dwaraka in the abandoned island of Kusastali in the western ocean with the help of Vishvakarma. He has deep interest in the theatre arts and music. He chased after the thieves, shot arrows and killed them, and retrieved the brāhmaṇa’s cattle. The Pāṇḍavas rejoiced listening to the affection-filled words the people were speaking about them. As soon as he came back, he paid his respects to Dharmarāja and sought permission to embark on his twelve-year exile. They performed great austerities and obtained a boon from Brahmā that they cannot be conquered or killed by anyone except each other. Indraprastha (इन्‍द्रप्रस्‍थ): Indraprastha (City of Indra) was a major northern city in ancient India that was the capital of the kingdom led by the Pandavas in the Mahabharata epic, located upon the banks of the river Yamuna, believed to be the site of present Purana Qila, in … Mahabharata Story 024 Indraprastha - Told by Sriram Raghavan - Duration: 14:14. www.Gurukula.com 27,765 views. Places named after the Aditya devatas, like Indra, Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Pusan, Vivasvat, Vivasvat’s sons Yama & Manu, Manu’s daughter Ila are plenty in this region. Undeveloped, uncultivated barren land with full of forest bushes was known as Khandavaprastha to its south. But at that time, Arjuna’s weapons had been kept in the house where Yudhiṣṭhira and Kṛṣṇā were by themselves. If we have indeed undertaken any acts of dāna, dharma, japa, tapas, and so on, let the fruits of those actions be that the Pāṇḍavas live in this town for a hundred years!” Upon arriving at the palace, they offered their respects to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Bhīṣma, and other elders before going to their designated lodgings and taking rest. During those times, Khāṇḍavaprastha was a dangerous forest; there, the Pāṇḍavas built a beautiful city called Indraprastha. Inside a forest called Khandava, the Pandava brothers built their capital and named it as Indraprastha. He conveyed Dhṛtarāṣṭra’s wishes to all of them and gave out all the expensive gifts he had brought from the king [Dhṛtarāṣṭra] to the Pāṇḍavas, Kuntī, Draupadī, Drupada and his children. When the brothers saw her, each one wanted to have her for himself, resulting in a huge fight that eventually led to the two brothers killing themselves. Writing this to create this thought in our national consciousness: Delhi renamed as Indraprastha, Krishna and Arjuna as the founder of our capital city with the statues and monuments proclaiming it auspiciously!! Harry Potter is fiction - but it doesn't mean London is fake. It was then known as Brahmavarta, the domain of Brahmarshi sages, the Yajnavedi of Brahma, the playground of the Devatas, the Swarga, Swargadvara etc. In the revenue records the site is mentioned as Indrapat and local tradition identifies it with Indraprastha of the Mahabharata times. His son was Krishna. Soon after, one day, as Yudhisthira, Bhima and Arjuna were paying respects to him, Dhritarashtra told the eldest Pandava that he and his brothers should live in Indraprastha. 14:14. The people said to each other, “This great hero, knower of dharma, has returned; he will look after us just as he takes care of his own relatives; he will rule the kingdom in a righteous way; indeed, it feels like King Pāṇḍu, who had gone off to the forest, has come back himself; there is nothing more joyful to us than the return of the Pāṇḍavas. Jijith Nadumuri is a former scientist of ISRO who worked as part of the Chandrayan 1 study phase currently engaged in the research of geographical data present in the Mahābhārata. Why Vasistha, Agastya, Vyasa Visited Pol Diplomat Krishna in Dwaraka? How to defeat Dharmarāja, the one endowed with fortitude, magnanimity, patience, honesty, and valour? They spared the Danava architect Maya who was living there and he became an ally of the Pandavas. This fort itself had been built over the ancient site of Indraprastha… It is several times older than the American culture. Friends must indeed say only that which brings welfare; words that are disagreeable don’t fall on your ears; Bhīṣma and Droṇa have spoken words that are beneficial to you. Collected over several years from... Prekshaa (प्रेक्षा) is a Sanskrit word that means ‘seeing clearly.’ Other meanings include ‘intellect,’ ‘reflection,’ and ‘contemplation.’ The word प्रेक्षा (prekṣā) can be explained etymologically as प्रकृष्टतया ईक्षणम् (prakṛṣṭatayā īkṣaṇam) – ‘profound vision’ or ‘well seen.’. To describe the deeds of the dynasty of Bharata that Vyasa wrote The Mahabharata. Bhīṣma and all other Kauravas have sent their best wishes to you; as for your dear friend Droṇa, he sends you an embrace and enquires about your welfare. If he failed to help the brāhmaṇa, it would not only be a failure of the law and order but would also result in the lowering of the people’s opinion of them; if he entered the house without informing Yudhiṣṭhira, it would lead to ill feelings in both their hearts and it would result in his exile. Years of hard work paid off and a grand white colored city arose on the western banks of Yamuna under the guidance of Yadava Krishna and Pandava Arjuna, his friend and cousin-brother. Several scholars of the Vedas and Vedāṅgas, multi-talented polyglots, traders, sculptors, and others would often visit and camp there. While Krishna was staying in Indraprastha, a Brahmana came to meet Arjuna. But they lived together in harmony, almost like two bodies with one soul. Indra was also the pitru-devata of Arjuna, the city builder in-charge. Just as Duryodhana and others are your children, the Pāṇḍavas are also your children. Thus ordered by Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Vidura went to meet the Pāṇḍavas and Drupada. Take half the kingdom and go away to Khāṇḍavaprastha; live there in peace!” Having been thus ordered by the king, they took permission from all the elders to leave and set out to Khāṇḍavaprastha. He is an artist and has visualized many scenes from the Mahābhārata which was exhibited in different conference venues. In this search I stumbled into an article which had indicated the exact spot where Indraprastha was built in Delhi. Shahjahanabad the walled city built by Shah Jahan from 1638 to 1649, containing the Lal Qila and the Chandni Chowk, nowadays known as Old Delhi. This caused envy in the mind of the Kaurava brothers. It has been quite a long time since they have left their home; therefore, they might be eager and curious to see their homeland again. Indraprastha – Indraprastha was a grand city situated to the south of present-day New Delhi. Brahmavarta later became the land of Kurus, starting with the forefather king Kuru and hence it became famous by the new name Kurukshetra. Krishna a Historical Character; Sea Underwater Proofs on Dwarka! Therefore, Nārada tells the Pāṇḍavas to have some understanding with regard to Draupadī lest they reach a situation similar to the rākṣasa brothers. The Mahabharata has it that King Dhritrashtra offered a piece of land called Khaandavprastha to the Pandavas to live on. That brāhmaṇa came to Khāṇḍavaprastha, stood in front of the Pāṇḍavas’ palace and began crying out loud; these wails reached Arjuna’s ears. Therefore, it was impossible to enter that house to get the weapons. There is no doubt about this. Visiting old places. The Pandavas successfully developed their land and built a great and lavish city, which was considered comparable to the heavens, and thus came to be known as Indraprastha. He was much fond of the Pandavas and noticed their hardships right from the childhood much like his own childhood full of hardships. The proceedings and the paper submissions of this conference can be read at ISBN 13: 9789386223678 – Indraprastha Revisited, BR Publishing Corporation, 2017. Having obtained five lion-like heroes as her husbands, Draupadī received much love and affection from all of them and she conducted herself in a manner agreeable to them. Hollywood works to glorify the American culture however small it is, but Bollywood cares little about the Sanatana Dharma Samskrti which is many thousand years old and many thousand times richer. Since the Pāṇḍavas ruled their kingdom in adherence to dharma, the Kuru land made great progress; people abandoned sinful activities and became peaceful. This region between Yamuna, Drishadvati and Sarasvati was formerly ruled by Indra, during the reign of the ancient Adityas. How grand such a vision will be? Hari is a writer, translator, musician, and designer with a deep interest in Vedanta, education pedagogy design, and literature. Sātyaki and Balarāma are both on their side; Kṛṣṇa is their advisor; Drupada, their father-in-law; Dṛṣṭadyumna and other heroes are their brothers-in-law; therefore, know that the Pāṇḍavas cannot be defeated in battle and treat them with the courtesy and dharma appropriate to your relationship with them. Lakshagraha happens to be one of the chapters from the epic of Mahabharat. The artifacts found bear strong cultural resemblance to those found at sites such as Hastinapur, Indraprastha, Kurukshetra and Mathura, places that find mention in Mahabharata. In fact, till the end of the nineteenth century, there was a village called Indarpat (which sounds very similar to ‘Indraprastha’) inside the fort. Mahabharat has been one of the most popular mythological stories of India. Featured image courtesy: allindiaroundup. Question 3 Explanation: Krishna called Vishwakarma, the architect of the Devas to help the Pandavas construct Indraprastha. Stories Behind Verses is a remarkable collection of over a hundred anecdotes, each of which captures a story behind the composition of a Sanskrit verse. Soon, Samba became part of Yudhistira‘s court and his administration. Pandu hadworked hard to increase the prosperity of Hastinapura by bringing much wealth from the kingdoms like Panchala, Dasarana, Kunti, Kashi, Magadha, Videha, Pundra and Suhma in his military campaign. It was in this Sabha that Krishna killed Shishupala and where Duryodhana got confused between water and the shiny reflective floor and felt humiliated, leading to the events that culminated in the Kurukshetra War. Hence this attention onto our national capital Delhi! In memory of Indra, the city was named Indraprastha. The Pāṇḍavas devised a reasonable scheme with regards to Draupadī so that there would not be any bitter feelings in anyone’s mind, unlike the ancient story of the brothers Sunda and Upasunda. Additional segments from the epic and notes by the translators have been added in the footnotes after going through the Critical Text of the Mahābhārata. Picture 3 shows my paintings of Mayasabha and Indraprastha exhibited in front of the National Museum Delhi as part of the Indraprastha International Conference held in 2016 by Draupadi Dream Trust lead by Smt Neera Misra, where I also presented a research paper on the Yamuna Sarasvati Region. Indraprastha and Varnavat: situated at the south of the modern New Delhi, Pandavas had made this place their capital and built a grand palace here, after burning down the … [1] Translators’ Note: Here, Vidura says, “But Karṇa, the son of Rādhā, feels that Droṇa’s words are harmful!” This is a reference to the exchange of words the two of them have before Vidura begins speaking. The entire Kuru land is eager to have a sight of the Pāṇḍavas and Kṛṣṇā; the people are waiting for the day they can see them. Due to premature ill health, Pandu had to retire early into the Satasringa forests in the Himalayan foothills (now in Uttarakhand) leaving the kingdom to his elder brother Dhrtarashtra. The Pāṇḍavas ruled the kingdom in peace. Maya built the famous Sabha for Indraprastha where Yudhisthira conducted his Rajasuya. Narada suggestion to Pandavas: Samba at Indraprastha. It had a fortress that touched the sky and a moat as huge as the ocean. Maya built the famous Sabha for Indraprastha where Yudhisthira conducted his Rajasuya. The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (US ; [1] UK ; [2] Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. As a master of śāstra, a performing artiste (of the ancient art of Avadhānam), and a cultured rasika, he brings a unique, holistic perspective... इदं किञ्चिद्यामलं काव्यं द्वयोः खण्डकाव्ययोः सङ्कलनरूपम्। रामानुरागानलं हि सीतापरित्यागाल्लक्ष्मणवियोगाच्च श्रीरामेणानुभूतं हृदयसङ्क्षोभं वर्णयति । वात्सल्यगोपालकं तु कदाचिद्भानूपरागसमये घटितं यशोदाश्रीकृष्णयोर्मेलनं वर्णयति । इदम्प्रथमतया संस्कृतसाहित्ये सम्पूर्णं काव्यं... Karnataka’s celebrated polymath, D V Gundappa brings together in the third volume, some character sketches of great literary savants responsible for Kannada renaissance during the first half of the twentieth century. Our king is pleased with the newly established relation with you. The aridity of the desert (Maru) to its south-west has slightly encroached this region. They had called the Kauravas' friend and had them make the most beautiful and a highly inflammable palace. This man presented a wondrous appearance. It tells the riveting... Shiva-Rama-Krishna is an English adaptation of Śatāvadhāni Dr. R Ganesh's popular lecture series on the three great... ಮಹಾಮಾಹೇಶ್ವರ ಅಭಿನವಗುಪ್ತ ಜಗತ್ತಿನ ವಿದ್ಯಾವಲಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಮರೆಯಲಾಗದ ಹೆಸರು. The Yādavas are both numerous and mighty; they will side with the group that Kṛṣṇa sides with; therefore, victory is certain where Kṛṣṇa is. [3]The Mahabharata is an epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. Vidura said, “Dear king! He thus began his twelve-year exile. He is well-versed in Sanskrit, Kannada, English, Greek, and German languages. 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