[52] Others, such as Helmut Lent, switched to the night fighter arm and built on their modest daylight scores. Despite help from Bf 109 units, it was the Bf 110 which excelled in the bomber destroyer role. Rome: IBN editore, 1996. de Zeng, H.L., D.G. Gordon Gollob, future General der Jagdflieger. Oct 8, 2015 - Here are some images of Monogram/ProModeler's 1/48 scale Messerschmitt Bf-110-G4 Night Fighter. The Bf 110 became part of the German rearmament program and military buildup of the 1930s, utilizing a two-engine heavy fighter design form that many national air forces of the period pursued in one form or another. His aircraft crashed into Portland Harbour. Two Zerstörergeschwader, (1 and 76), were committed, with 64 aircraft. 21) rocket tubes, with two of these under each outer wing panel, and additional armament, the 110 was vulnerable to Allied escort fighters, partly from the development of a major change in American fighter tactics at the end of 1943, rendering them increasingly vulnerable to developing American air supremacy over the Reich. Messerschmitt Bf 110 of future night fighter ace Lt. Helmut Lent overshoot the runway in Oslo-Fornebu and came to rest in the garden of a house. In the spring of 1940, Walter Horten, Jagdgeschwader 26 technical officer, was invited to participate in a "mock combat" with a Bf 109E. [12] Some Bf 110 units had been equipped with the experimental Schräge Musik system, an emplacement of two upward-firing cannon, which for its initial installations placed the twin-cannon fitment almost midway down the cockpit canopy behind the pilot, which could attack the blind spot of RAF Bomber Command's Lancaster and Halifax bombers, which lacked a ventral turret. The Bf 110 rendered valuable support to the German Army by carrying out strike missions in the face of very heavy anti-aircraft artillery defences. But the mid to fall of 1942 meant the end of that era, and the losses began to mount very quickly. (H)/31, 3. However, in 1940, the RAF switched from daylight bombing raids against Nazi targets to night bombing. On 9 April, ZG 76 committed 77 to an USAAF raid on Berlin. Most predominantly the BF-110/Me-110 Zerstörer – German for "Destroyer". Polish pilots were unfamiliar with the type [1] often identifying them as bombers. Its size and weight meant that it had high wing loading, which limited its maneuverability. The enormous Dackelbauch ventral tank, owing to cold weather and limited knowledge of fuel vapours, sometimes exploded, leading to unexplained losses during the North Sea patrols. Other aircraft, such as the Junkers Ju 88 and the Dornier Do 217, also played a big role, but none more so than the Bf 110. The night fighter arm claimed the destruction of 123 out of some 1,179 bombers over Hamburg on one night; a 7.2% loss rate. Opposition was light until 1942, when British heavy bombers started to appear. The Bf 110s participation in Fall Rot's Operation Paula, an offensive to destroy the remaining French air forces in central France, was to lead to 101 losses for the Luftwaffe, of which just four were Bf 110s. (H)/LG 2; the remaining 71 examples served on ZG1 and ZG 2. The handling characteristics were also affected; the Bf 110 was not manoeuvrable to begin with and the added weight made it worse. The wastage and woeful deployment of the type prevented any lasting success. The B-17s brushed the defenses aside and delivered their loads on Wilhelmshaven, while suffering the loss of 3 aircraft. The targets around Frankfurt and the Saar region were hit. Space Travel Luftwaffe World War Two Wwii Air Force Fighter Jets Aviation Aircraft Germany. However the fortunes for the mostly Bf 110 equipped force turned during late August/September 1943. A replica of a crashed Bf 110 fuselage built as a prop for th… It was badly mauled during the battle. The Bf 110 enjoyed a successful period following the Battle of Britain as an air superiority fighter and strike aircraft in other theatres. [44] Schenk was to achieve 18 aerial victory credits on the Zerstorer, and was awarded with Eichenlaub (Oak Leaves) for the Knight's Cross on 30 October 1942. The design excelled at "high escort" where Bf-110 squadrons were sent well ahead of the bombers to clear the skies of enemy aircraft, using their speed and firepower advantages in diving attacks to counter the enemy's maneuverability, then breaking contact and climbing away,[28] what the Americans would later call "Boom-and-Zoom." This allowed bombers to be targeted in full darkness, but it had a very short range and proved ineffective as an operational interception device. During this campaign, Victor Mölders, brother of the famous Werner Mölders, took the official surrender of the town of Aalborg after landing at the local airfield. Based in Cairo, Egypt, it was to be deployed to South Africa as part of a program to train pilots on enemy equipment, but it did not make it, crashing in the Sudan. The Bf 110 was considered to be obsolete and phased out of production accordingly. [56] Several attacks from the beam were made, and eventually a break in the formation opened a gap which Hans-Joachim Jabs and his wingman took advantage of. On 2 April 1944, the Bf 110 achieved one of its final successful engagements. When encumbered with a total of four 21 cm (8 in) Werfer-Granate 21 (Wfr.Gr. Later in the war, it was developed into a formidable night fighter, becoming the major night-fighting aircraft of the Luftwaffe. The fighter would generally target engines or fuel tanks if possible since firing directly into the bomb bay produced such a huge explosion that there was a risk of the attacker being damaged. Using this, NJG 5's Leutnant Peter Erhardt destroyed four bombers in 30 minutes. Messerschmitt Bf 110 of LG1 in flight, July 1940 Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer (Destroyer) was a twin-engine heavy fighter / night fighter developed in Germany in the 1930s and used by the Luftwaffe and others during World War II. In the early part of the war, on the eastern front and against early unescorted American daylight bombing attacks on Germany, it scored some successes. Schoolboys in Nazi Germany fantasized about becoming not single-engine fighter pilots but members of a Zerstörer crew. A design requirement was issued by the German Air Ministry in 1934, and the entry selected for production was that presented by the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bavarian Aircraft Works). Interest in this new concept was particularly strong in Nazi Germany where the head of the Luftwaffe, Herman Göring, took a personal interest. As long as the brunt of air opposition in that front consisted of slow and outclassed Polikarpov I-153, I-15bis and I-16 fighters, and the tactics and training of the Soviet pilots were inferior to those of the German airmen, the Bf 110 could still more than hold its own in the skies of the East. We flew these missions at no greater than Schwarm strength, and were ourselves never escorted. [54] Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring insisted that all aircraft, including the night fighter force, would be put into the air to resist these attacks against Germany. The Messerschmitt Bf 110 F in 1/48 scale. It is not clear if they managed to shoot down any of their attackers.[62]. in the Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4, C9 + EN night fighter. One of the Bf 110 pilots killed during the battle was Herman Göring’s nephew, Hans-Joachim Göring. More than 1,500 Bf 110s were manufactured during 1944 (out of a total production for all models of the Bf 110 of around 6,000), and most of these were night fighters which took on the growing RAF night bombing raids. Without encountering an Allied escort, it was capable of wreaking immense destruction. This gave the Zerstörer force a window of opportunity to wreak damage on the bomber streams. The last day of August proved to be a rare success for the Messerschmitt Bf 110. [34] Most of the German night fighter aces flew the Bf 110 at some point during their combat careers, and the top night fighter ace of all time, Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, flew it exclusively and claimed 121 victories in 164 combat missions. Landing their cargoes, many transports were destroyed. [37] American fighters had jumped the 13 Bf 110s from the sun and shot down 11. 223 were lost in the course of it.[33]. For the attack on the Netherlands, 145 Bf 110s were committed under Oberst Kurt-Bertram von Döring's Jagdfliegerführer 2. [16] During July, the RAF made several raids on Norway. [3] Development work on an improved type to replace the Bf 110, the Messerschmitt Me 210 began before the war started, but its teething troubles resulted in the Bf 110 soldiering on until the end of the war in various roles, alongside its replacements, the Me 210 and the Me 410. [63], On 22 February, six Bf 110s were lost for two kills against B-17s, while on 6 March, five Bf 110s were lost and one damaged out of nine machines committed. And once they get to know the Bf 110s weaknesses, you could be in for a very nasty surprise. Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces), John Weal. [60], In autumn 1943, the Zerstörergruppen were recalled from their Eastern or Mediterranean bases, and formed into RLV units. Their fighters are all single-engined. This version was fitted with FuG 202 Liechtenstein air interception radar which had an effective maximum range of 3-4 kilometers (1.8-2.4 miles), and it carried a third crewman to act as a radar operator. It had a range of 1,500 miles (compared to just 400 miles for the Bf 109), it was almost as fast as most single engine fighters, and it was armed with up to four 20mm MG FF cannon plus four MG 17, 7.92mm machine guns in its nose, giving it more firepower than any other contemporary fighter. On 13 June 1940, a squadron of Skua dive bombers was intercepted trying to reach and bomb the German battleship Scharnhorst. Lack losses suffered during the Battle of Britain caused the Bf 110 to spend the rest of WWII as night fighter. Escorting German bomber formations on attacks against Warsaw, the unit claimed 30 kills on the first day. [18] In the ensuing dogfight the Zerstorer pilots not only wildly overclaimed 13 victories (when their opponents were only nine) but also misidentified them as "MiG-3", including five claims by experte Theodor Weissenberger. The German defences had won a victory which prevented deep penetration raids for a time. The German night fighter Messerschmitt Bf.110G-4 captured by American troops in the airfield parking lot. When they arrived at the designated contact point there was nothing left to meet. It wasn’t until the introduction of the Bf 110 F-4 in the summer of 1942 that the Luftwaffe finally found an effective night fighter. In September 1943, Arthur Harris, convinced that a strategic bombing campaign against Germany's cities would force a German collapse, pressed for further mass attacks. [2][26] In the Western Campaign, 60 were lost. 33 and No. About five Bf 110s were shot down by Swiss Bf 109s. Significantly, on the night of 22–23 May, the Bf 110 was pressed into night fighting service over the desert. Neither. https://thewaryears.co.uk The Bf-110 was an effective, highly versatile twin-engined aircraft. Despite excellent visibility, none of the RAF bombers had reported anything unusual that would indicate a new weapon or tactics in the German night fighter force. [15], The Zerstörerwaffe performed well when it encountered mostly British bombers. During this time, a number of United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberators were destroyed. This ignorance was compounded by the tracerless ammunition used by the Bf 110s, as well as firing on the British bombers blind spots. [68] Later on, as the specialist Bf 110G-4s were received by night fighter wings, the mid-cockpit mount was replaced by one at the extreme rear of the cabin. Total production: 6050 units. [27], The Battle of Britain revealed the Bf 110's fatal weaknesses as a daylight fighter against single-engine aircraft. Just three weeks later, on 18 December 1939, the Bf 110 participated in the first German victory over British arms in World War II. Creek. The losses had "marked the beginning of the end of the Bf 110 Zerstörer as a first-line weapon in the RLV". Staffelkapitän Hauptmann Theodor Rossiwall and Oberleutnant Sophus Baagoe were amongst the claimers on this day, taking their scores to 12 and 14. The first units undertook defence operations over Germany as early as the autumn of 1940. [58], On 4 March 8 Air Force returned, this time losing three B-17s, with two Bf 110s being lost in the attacks. Polish fighter units reported a 17% loss rate on this day. Also killed in this battle was the ace F/Lt W.J. The second raid 4 February was mounted against the marshaling yards at Hamm. Originally modelled as the Bf 110 C-4, the vehicle was renamed and remodelled into the C-7 in Update 1.79 "Project X". In response, the Bf 110 F-4/U-1 variant was fitted with a completely new weapon system. The Bf 110 also supported the German defence during Big Week in February 1944, as Lt. Gen. Doolittle's tactical changes for the 8th Air Force's escort fighters (increasingly consisting of P-51 Mustangs) went into effect: The experiences of Zerstörergeschwader "Horst Wessel", a Bf 110 squadron, indicates what happened to twin-engine fighters in the new combat environment. At this time, the Bf 110 remained the backbone of the night force, although it was now being reinforced by the Junkers Ju 88. [26][2], Hermann Göring's nephew, Hans-Joachim Göring, was a pilot with III./Zerstörergeschwader 76, flying the Messerschmitt Bf 110. There were just not enough Zerstörer available. Losses were eight Bf 110s. He was later credited with a submarine sunk and three motor torpedo boats sunk.[42]. German night fighter model lockdown anti boredom project.61 inch wing span,fitted with two OS glow engines,Interesting thing was a successful flying model however it has been in my storage building hanging from the ceiling for a long time so will require some work to fly again,both engines turn with compression.good potential.collection or delivery by me possible By 1943, many British bombers were fitted with a system code-named ‘Monica,’ a detector designed to warn the bomber that an aircraft behind was searching for them using radar. These radars were able to give the target’s altitude and speed and were accurate enough to guide the fighter to within 500m of a bomber, by which time the Bf 110s Liechtenstein radar would be able to lock on. This engagement saw the death of 50-victory ace Marmaduke Pattle of No 33 Squadron. A number of Bf 110 aces were lost in aerial combat during this period, and other losses were considerable. The Luftwaffe had embarked on the battle with 237 serviceable Bf 110s. This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 18:45. However, Bf 110s were still being spotted by the tail gunners of British bombers before they could attack. However, by the 26 May, no Bf 110s were left serviceable and German personnel were evacuated. Bf 110 of Nachtjagdgeschwader 4 (1943). At 12:13 pm on February 20, 13 Bf 110s scrambled after approaching formations. History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures and 3D model. In October 1943, General Josef Kammhuber reported the climbing attrition rate as "unacceptable", and urged Hermann Göring to stop committing the German night fighters to daylight operations. (H)/11 and 7. For example, Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, one of the Luftwaffe’s leading night fighter aces, was flying a Bf 110 G-4 equipped with Schraege Musik canon and Liechtenstein radar when he attacked a stream of British Lancaster bombers on the night of 21st February 1945. Oberleutnant Johannes Kiel was credited with 62 aircraft destroyed on the ground, plus nine tanks and 20 artillery pieces. With experience fighting in Norway, efforts were made to extend the combat range of the Bf 110C; these became the Bf 110D Long Range (Langstrecken) Zerstörer. The system worked, but the Luftwaffe responded with the Rosendaal-Halbe system, a passive receiver which homed-in on the emissions from Monica. This flaw was exposed during the Battle of Britain, when some Bf 110-equipped units were withdrawn from the battle after very heavy losses and redeployed as night fighters, a role to which the aircraft was well suited. The German machines reached Iraq in the first week of May 1941. The Bf 110 served the Luftwaffe extensively in various roles, though no longer in its intended role as a heavy fighter. This aircraft is incredibly versatile due to the variety of offensive weapons wh… During the 1930s, the concept of a “heavy fighter” came into vogue. Overall 5 B-17s were lost on the mission, one due to a mid-air collision with a Fw 190, but of the 8 Bf 110 aircraft put up, all 8 suffered significant damage. One Bf 110 (Wk-Nr 4035) was captured by the RAF and test flown as RAF serial HK846, "Belle of Berlin". The 110s shot down eight in as many minutes; among the victors was Herbert Schob, who survived the war as one of the most successful Bf 110 pilots. As over Switzerland in 1940, the battles ended in their opponent's favor. Company Imports Trove of M1 Carbines from Ethiopia to Sell in US, US Marine MIA for More Than 70 Years on Tarawa Atoll Returned to Home Town from Pacific Atoll, German Mass Grave Discovered in Stalingrad, Rocket Propelled Grenades – A One Man Wrecking Crew in Photos, The Highest-Scoring Female Fighter Ace Ever: The Short but Daring Life of Lydia Litvyak, Predators of the Seas: Life Inside a U-Boat – In 41 Images, Divers cleaning up the ocean net themselves an Enigma machine, “Big Lizzie” met 2 Russian Blackjacks Last Week off the Coast of Scotland, Footage of 60,000 German Prisoners Paraded Through Moscow, ‘Barn Finds’, Mosquito, P-51 & Others, The Aviation Equivalent of Aladdin’s Cave. The first units undertook defence operations over Germany as early as the autumn of 1940. The Bf 110 F-4 was also provided with a ventral tray mounting two MK 108 short-barreled 30-millimeter cannon which were easily capable of destroying any British bomber. In the role of ground support, and flown by seasoned pilots. The initial raid was against Wilhelmshaven. In late 1943 and early 1944 Bf 110 formations were frequently devastated by the roving Allied fighters. Their Lichtenstein radar was primitive but plenty good enough to hunt down British heavy bombers. JG 1 again responded, but this time they were joined by 8 Bf 110s of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1. Its shortcomings were to become its strong points in dealing with the British. While RAF Bomber Command destroyed Hannover's city centre and 86% of crews dropped their bombs within 5 km (3 mi) of the aiming point, losses were severe. Meanwhile two enemy fighters strafed the airfield and damaged nine more aircraft. They just sit on the ground, GLARING at eachother, possibly barking. Positive capabilities of this aircraft include an outstanding turn time, menacing offensive armament, amazing acceleration and all-out straight-line speed. Many RAF crews witnessed a sudden explosion of a friendly aircraft, but assumed, in some cases, it was very accurate flak. In the far north, in the battlefields between Kirkenes (Norway) and the port of Murmansk, the Bf 110 still could claim important successes in the first half of 1942. The Zerstörer (Destroyer) entered service with the Luftwaffe in 1937. On 10 May, ZG 1 claimed 26 Dutch aircraft destroyed on the ground on Haamstede airfield. Three intact Bf 110s are known to exist, although one of them is rebuilt from rescued parts from several different airframes. The Messerschmitt Bf 110C and Es were committed to the invasions of Yugoslavia and Greece in April 1941. Their seeming absence has often been equated with the simultaneous disappearance from the Battle of the Ju 87. This BF 110 E-2 (Werksnummer 4516) night fighter served with II./NJG 1 and was flown by the highest decorated night fighter ‘ace’ Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer. The story repeated on 13 July 1942, when five Bf 110s of 5./ZG 1 were shot down in a single combat against the LaGG-3s of the same Soviet unit (131 IAP), which recorded the encounter on the 14th. Once again, the Bf 110 encountered foreign flown Messerschmitt Bf 109s, this time belonging to the Yugoslav Air Force. Initially, the Bf 110 C-1 day-fighter was used in the night fighter role by NJG1, but the means of detecting enemy aircraft carried by this version was the Mk1 human eyeball which only worked at dusk or dawn or on moonlit nights. A couple of examples show the increasing toll taken by the Bf 110 in the hands of the Soviet airmen: At the beginning of Operation Blau, on 28 June 1942, the Luftflotte 4 has 86 operational Zerstorers, including fifteen Bf 110 which performed reconnaissance duties in three units – 3. In Norway, the Bf 110s helped secure the Oslo-Fornebu airport, escorting Junkers Ju 52 transports loaded with paratroops (Fallschirmjäger). [8] RAF Bomber Command sent 22 Vickers Wellington bombers to attack the German naval base at Wilhelmshaven. 80 Squadron RAF for two losses. A huge number of ground kills were achieved by Bf 110 pilots in the east. [22], The Bf 110 force also encountered the Swiss Air Force during this period, as several German raids violated Swiss airspace. In the space of less than twenty minutes, Schnaufer shot down no less than seven Lancaster bombers. For example, the Zerstorer unit deployed there, the 10. A third is displayed in a private museum northwest of Helsingoer, Denmark. However the 2 GSAP indeed lost five Hurricanes in that combat, for only one Bf 110 lost in return, which is a remarkable victory. Most of the units protecting western Germany from aerial attack were equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 109. Messerschmitt Bf-110 The Messerschmitt Bf 110 ‘Zerstörer’ (‘Destroyer’) was truly a jack of all trades, but it was as a night fighter it did best. The campaign in the desert would last for ten days. Between April and June 1942, the Nachtjagd force destroyed 230 British bombers and by September it had shot down a total of 1,000 bombers. This would be rare throughout the remainder of the war.[66]. This book concentrates on the career of the Bf 110 as a daylight fighter. The Bf 110s destroyed 25 Danish military aircraft stationed on the Værløse airbase on 9 April through ground strafing. [29], The worst day of the battle for the Bf 110 was 15 August 1940, when nearly 30 Bf 110s were shot down, the equivalent of an entire Gruppe. Between 11 and 13 May, most of the 82 aerial claims over Belgium were made by the Bf 110 equipped ZG 26. The Lichtenstein FuG220 equipment consist of transmitter S, receiver E, T/R unit W, multi-element direction finding antenna array, motor driven antenna switch and indicator unit SG. The Bf 110s lost nine machines, with 11 killed and seven wounded. 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Of 3 aircraft more aircraft models were also affected ; the remaining 71 examples served on ZG1 and 2...

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